A wrinkle, also known as a rhytide, is a fold, ridge or crease in the skin.
Skin wrinkles typically appear as a result of aging. The triggers for aging can include DNA, but many times environment also plays a role. This environmental impact can include diet. However, premature aging also comes down to cellular damage, brought on by oxidative stress from free radicals that are constantly being formed through countless biochemical reactions in our bodies.
Aging causes our bodies' cells to break down or regenerate as they did in our youth. Cells die but do not renew at the same rate for healing or health like when we were young.
One of the secrets to slowing down aging is to aggressively combat this oxidative damage with long-acting antioxidants.
Alpha lipoic acid sometimes referred to as the "Universal Antioxidant" because it regenerates or recycles other antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin E, coenzyme Q10 and glutathione when they lose their ability to act as antioxidants. It also has the power to protect both cell membranes and the inside of cells against oxidative damage. Vitamin E is only effective at protecting cell membranes and other lipid-soluble structures from oxidative damage, and vitamin C only works well in a non-lipid environment. Alpha lipoic acid works well in both of these areas.
Vitamin C, have anti-oxidant powers because they help fight off the damage caused by chemicals and toxins from our daily life. Sun exposure, tobacco smoke, pollution, and even stress hormones from our own body, makes us age. Not only do antioxidants combat the free-radical damage that is responsible for the visible (and hidden) signs of aging, they also enhance the effectiveness of sunscreens in preventing sun damage. Indeed, during the day, the combination of antioxidants plus sun protection is a strong defense against many signs of aging, including wrinkles, dullness, and discoloration.
Vitamin E is the most important antioxidant because it protects cell membranes and prevents damages to enzymes associated with them. Vitamin e being fat soluble, is the primary antioxidant against free radical damage to lipids, including those make cell membrane.
Grape seed extract, sometimes referred to as GSE, is considered to be one of the most effective natural skin care ingredients available. It provides a broad spectrum of benefits to human skin and to the internal systems as well. Grape seed extract's effectiveness is the presence of oligomeric procyanidins (OPCs); type of flavonoids; acts to scavenge, or bind with, free oxygen radicals in the skin's cell system cause the cells to weaken and die prematurely, a process which causes the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Vitamin E, being fat-soluble, is the primary antioxidant against free radical damage to lipids, including those that make up cell membranes. It anchors itself in the membrane and traps free radicals attempting entry into the cell. With its limited capacity for containing trapped free radicals, vitamin E transfers them to vitamin C, which neutralizes the radicals. This simple measure restores vitamin E to full scavenging potential. That's why supplements that contain both vitamins provide better antioxidant protection than single vitamins.